Medicinas Alternativas para el Manejo del Glaucoma

El tratamiento de glaucoma ha sido a través de los años principalmente médico, eso quiere decir que se basa en el uso de medicinas que se presentan como gotas para aplicar directamente en los ojos.

These drops aim to reduce intraocular pressure and thus protect the optic nerve to stop or at least slow down the disease. These drops are the product of scientific research carried out by large pharmaceutical companies in the same way as medicines are developed for other ailments of the human body.

The research process is extensive and rigorous to achieve effective medicines and the least harmful effects on human beings. Alternative medicine for the treatment of glaucoma is defined as non-standardized and non-conventional medicine. Its use has become popular in many places, but it is important to note that some of these treatments have not demonstrated clinical effectiveness and many lack rigorous research studies.

The main recommendation is that if you want to use or have used alternative therapies, tell your treating ophthalmologist.

Homeopathic Medicines:  It is mainly based on herbs, there is no evidence of its effectiveness. Some include ginko biloba and blueberry.

Holistic Therapies:  refers to harmonizing the mind, body and spirit, includes good nutrition, physical exercise, meditation and relaxation. Although holistic treatments may be a good habit, there is no proof of their usefulness in glaucoma.

Food and drink:  There is no proof of its benefit, but it is logical to think that a good, balanced diet has a beneficial effect on general health.
– caffeine: Some studies have shown that ingesting it can raise intraocular pressure for 1 to 3 hours. Therefore, it is recommended to limit caffeine in patients with glaucoma.
– Water: It has been seen that up to 80% of people who consume 1 liter of water in a period of less than 10 minutes can increase intraocular pressure. That is
why people who are on diet or exercise programs, and who have glaucoma are recommended to drink their fluids in small amounts throughout the day.
– Wine: it can reduce intraocular pressure temporarily and slightly, therefore it is not recommended as antiglaucoma therapy.

Good Nutrition:  An adequate source of vitamins and minerals in a balanced diet is important. Some important vitamins for the eye are zinc, antioxidants, vitamin C, vitamin E and beta-carotenes.

Marijuana:  There are more than 400 chemicals in marijuana and many are harmful to the human body. Some moderate-term studies have shown that cannabis has no proven effect on glaucoma. When consuming marijuana, eye pressure can be lowered, but this reduction lasts a very short time, and frequent consumption has high risks and adverse effects such as emphysema and lung cancer, loss of concentration and coordination. Use directly in the eye has not been shown to be effective. Serious studies are needed to determine its effectiveness. Its use is currently not recommended in patients with glaucoma, its risks are high for the body.

Physical Exercise:  There is evidence that it can reduce intraocular pressure, it can also have a good effect on other risk factors such as blood pressure and diabetes. Recommended exercises are cycling and walking. Vigorous exercises or exercises that require extreme strength such as weight lifting are not recommended.

Yoga:  Caution is recommended for those who practice the headstand position as it can increase eye pressure. It is not advisable to use alternative therapy to replace traditional medicines. Adequate balanced nutrition is a source of all the nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the human body. Compliance with the treatment recommended by your ophthalmologist is a priority to control your disease.